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Merl Wheat Variety Description

U. S. Protected Variety

Can be sold only as a class of Certified seed

Merl is a broadly adapted, high yielding, moderately short, mid-season soft red winter wheat cultivar having good milling and pastry baking quality.  Spikes and straw are creamy white in color at maturity, and the awnletted spikes are blocky to tapering in shape. Head emergence of Merl in Virginia is most similar to that of ‘Tribute’.  Merle is 2 to 5 days later than the earliest heading cultivar, Jamestown.    Average plant height of Merl is 33.5 inches, which is 2 inches taller than Jamestown.  Straw strength in Virginia is very good and in the eastern SRW region average lodging scores were better than those of Roane.  In Virginia, Merl had a three year (2006-2008) average grain yield of 92 bu./ac that was similar to that of the highest yield cultivar, Shirley.  Merl had an average test weight of 60.3 lb./bu. and produced test weights significantly above the test averages in three out of four years.  Merl was derived from the three-way cross ‘Roane’/Pioneer Brand ‘2643 '/ ’SS 520'.  It is resistant to powdery mildew and moderately

resistant to stripe rust, fusarium head blight, and depending on environment and location, is moderately resistant to moderately susceptible to Barley Yellow Dwarf Virus, Wheat Spindle Streak Mosaic Virus, Septoria tritici leaf blotch, and glume blotch. It is susceptible to leaf rust, stem rust, Soil borne Mosaic Virus, and Hession fly. 

County Name, City  Telephone #  Class
Amelia Featherstone Farm, Amelia  804-561-3754  C
Charles City Farmers Rest Farm, Inc., Charles City  804-241-5629  C
Essex Midway Farms, Inc., Caret  804-445-5077  C
Halifax Hudson, Hilton, Alton  434-753-6710  C
King & Queen Carlton, J & D Farms, Inc., Mattaponi  804-785-5197  C
Pittsylvania Hill View Farm, Danville 434-685-7921  C
Westmoreland VCIA Foundation Seed Farm, Mt. Holly 804-472-3500  F


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Last modified: 07/17/13